Bladder Cancer

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Bladder cancer is a type of cancer that originates in the cells lining the bladder, the organ responsible for storing urine. It is a relatively common cancer and can manifest in different ways. Understanding the various types of bladder cancer is crucial for accurate diagnosis and effective treatment.

At the University of Kansas Urology Department, our dedicated team is focused on delivering exceptional care and implementing state-of-the-art treatments for our patients. Collaborating closely with each individual, we create a personalized treatment strategy that takes into account your distinct requirements and goals.

Types of Bladder Cancer

Bladder cancer can be broadly categorized into several types:

Transitional Cell Carcinoma (TCC)

This is the most common type, accounting for about 90% of all bladder cancer cases. TCC starts in the transitional cells that line the bladder and is further divided into non-invasive (limited to the inner layers) and invasive (penetrating deeper layers) forms.

Squamous Cell Carcinoma

This type of bladder cancer arises from thin, flat cells that can form in response to long-term irritation or infection. It is more common in areas with chronic infections or bladder stones.


Arising from glandular cells, this type is less common and typically forms in the mucus-secreting cells of the bladder lining. Adenocarcinoma is often associated with long-standing inflammation or certain congenital conditions.



Common symptoms across all types of bladder cancer include:


While the precise cause isn’t always clear, the following are some common risk factors:


Diagnosing bladder cancer involves several steps:

  • Physical Examination: A doctor evaluates symptoms and risk factors through a physical examination and medical history assessment.
  • Urinalysis: A urine sample is analyzed for blood, abnormal cells, or other indicators of bladder cancer.
  • Cystoscopy: A thin tube with a camera (cystoscope) is inserted into the bladder to visually examine the bladder’s interior.
  • Imaging Tests: X-rays, CT scans, and MRIs provide detailed images of the bladder and surrounding tissues.
  • Biopsy: If suspicious areas are found during cystoscopy, a tissue sample (biopsy) is taken for microscopic examination.


Treatment approaches depend on the specific type and stage of bladder cancer:


The outlook and prognosis for individuals facing this condition depend significantly on the particular type and stage of cancer they are dealing with. Early detection plays a crucial role in achieving more positive outcomes. Identifying the issue in its early stages holds immense importance in attaining more favorable results. Engaging in preventive measures such as avoiding tobacco, minimizing exposure to harmful chemicals, and maintaining a healthy lifestyle can further contribute to improving the overall prognosis for those affected by this condition.

Prevention & Management

Managing and Living with Bladder Cancer:

Living with bladder cancer involves various emotional and lifestyle adjustments:

  • Support: Seek emotional support from loved ones and consider joining support groups.
  • Healthy Lifestyle: Adopt a balanced diet, exercise routine, and stress management techniques.
  • Regular Follow-ups: Schedule frequent medical check-ups to monitor for recurrence and potential complications.
  • Effective Communication: Maintain open dialogue with your healthcare team to address concerns and manage side effects.


Understanding the types of bladder cancer is crucial for accurate diagnosis and tailored treatment. Early detection, appropriate medical care, and a positive outlook are vital for effectively managing and living with bladder cancer. Always consult qualified healthcare professionals for personalized guidance.

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